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Clean and Unclean List of Animals Mentioned in the Bible

List of Animals Mentioned in the Bible

List of Animals Mentioned in the Bible

This list of the different kinds of animals mentioned in the Bible includes, where possible, references to passages where these are listed or discussed. All creatures are divided into clean and unclean categories. When an animal is clean it may be eaten; when it is unclean it may not.

In Leviticus 11, the Bible states that God gave Moses a list of animals he wanted the Israelites to eat. The animals on the List are called “clean” and those not on the list are called “unclean.” In order for an Israelite to eat an animal it must first be slaughtered in a specific way and then be drained of all blood. Only after these precautions were taken could an Israelite eat meat from an animal. Even so, the eating of unclean animals was often looked upon with disgust by the Israelites and was considered a sign of bad character or poor upbringing.

This List is generally believed to be part of God’s instructions for maintaining good health, not part of the 10 Commandments, which were written by God on stone with his own finger. The List was written on parchment and placed inside the Ark of Covenant. Unlike some Old Testament dietary laws, this one remains in effect today.

The following is a list of “Clean” Animals in the Bible, according to Leviticus 11:

1. Cattle

2. Sheep and Goats

3. Fish with both fins and scales, such as salmon

4. Birds of prey, birds that scavenge, storks, herons, ducks, geese

5. Guinea Pigs (yes, guinea pigs!)

6. Clean locusts and grasshoppers

7. Cattle, sheep, goats and deer can be eaten as long as they have horns and hooves (see Deuteronomy 14:4-5)

8. Camels are unclean but may be eaten if there is a need for food

9. Rabbits, hares and pigs (yes, pigs) are unclean

10. Shellfish such as lobsters, crabs, clams, oysters and shrimp are absolutely forbidden along with all water-dwelling reptiles such as crocodiles and turtles (see Leviticus 11:9-12)

11. Insects that swarm on the ground including grasshoppers, locusts and crickets are forbidden (see Leviticus 11:21-22).

The following is a list of “Unclean” Animals in the Bible according to Leviticus 11:

1. Carnivorous animals with paws

2. Animals that chew their cud but don’t part the hoof (see Deuteronomy 14:6-8)

3. Water creatures without fins and scales in Leviticus 11:10 are banned along with all other water-dwelling reptiles

4. Insects that swarm on the ground including grasshoppers, locusts and crickets are forbidden (see Leviticus 11:21-22)

5. Shellfish such as lobsters, crabs, clams, oysters and shrimp are absolutely forbidden along with all water-dwelling reptiles such as crocodiles and turtles (see Leviticus 11:9-12)

6. Rabbits, hares and pigs (yes, pigs) are unclean

7. Camels are unclean but may be eaten if there is a need for food

8. Insects that don’t swarm on the ground such as lice, flies and gnats are forbidden (see Leviticus 11:20-23)

9. The hare does not chew its cud and is thus unclean (see Deuteronomy 14:7)

10. Rats and weasels are unclean (see Leviticus 11:29-31)

11. Snails are also forbidden (see Leviticus 11:40-42).

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